諾貝爾獎官方網站

literature Winners

Year
Winner
link LRC
Country

1901

Rene F. A. Sully Prudhomme

France

1902

Theodor Mommsen

Germany

1903

Bjornstjerne Bjornson

Norway

1904

Frederic Mistral

France
 
Spain

1905

Henryk Sienkiewicz

Poland

1906

Giosue Carducci

Italy

1907

Rudyard Kipling

Br.

1908

Rudolf Christoph Eucken

Germany

1909

Selma  Lagerlöf

Sweden

1910

Paul J. L. Heyse

Germany

1911

Maurice Maeterlinck

Belgium

1912

Gerhart Hauptmann

Germany

1913

Rabindranath Tagore

Indian

1914

none

1915

Romain Rolland

France

1916

Verner von Heidenstam

Sweden

1917

Karl A. Gjellerup

Danmark
 
Danmark

1918

Erik A. Karlfeldt

Sweden

1919

Carl F. G. Spitteler

Swiss

1920

Knut Hamsun

Norway

1921

Anatole France

France

1922

Jacinto Benavente

Spain

1923

William Butler Yeats

Ireland

1924

Reymont, Wladyslaw Stanislaw

Poland

1925

George Bernard Shaw

Ireland-Br.

1926

Grazia Deledda

Italy

1927

Henri Bergson

France

1928

Sigrid Undset

Norway

1929

Thomas Mann

Germany

1930

Sinclair Lewis

U.S.

1931

Erik A. Karlfeldt

Sweden

1932

John Galsworthy

Br.

1933

Ivan A. Bunin

USSR

1934

Luigi Pirandello

Italy

1935

none

1936

Eugene O'Neill

U.S.

1937

Roger Martin du Gard

France

1938

Pearl S. Buck

U.S.

1939

Frans E. Sillanpää

Finland

1940

none

1941

1942

1943

1944

Johannes V. Jensen

Danmark

1945

Gabriela Mistral

Chil

1946

Hermann Hesse

Germany-Swiss

1947

Andre Gide

France

1948

Thomas Stearns Eliot

Br.

1949

William Faulkner

U.S.

1950

Bertrand Russell

Br.

1951

Lagerkvist, Pär

Sweden

1952

Francois Mauriac

France

1953

Sir Winston Churchill

Br.

1954

Ernest Hemingway

U.S.

1955

Laxness, Halldór

Iceland

1956

Juan Ramon Jimenez

Spain

1957

Albert Camus

France

1958

Pasternak, Boris Leonidovich

USSR (declined)

1959

Salvatore Quasimodo

Italy

1960

Saint-John Perse

France

1961

Ivo Andric

Yugoslavia

1962

John Steinbeck

U.S.

1963

Giorgos Stylianou Seferiades

Greece

1964

Jean Paul Sartre

France (declined)

1965

Mikhail Sholokhov

USSR

1966

S. Y. Agnon

Israel
 
Sweden

1967

Miguel Angel Asturias

Guatemala

1968

Yasunari Kawabata

Japan

1969

Samuel Beckett

Ireland

1970

Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn

USSR

1971

Pablo Neruda

Chile

1972

Heinrich Boell

Germany

1973

Patrick White

Austral.

1974

Eyvind Johnson

Sweden
 
Sweden

1975

Eugenio Montale

Italy

1976

Saul Bellow

U.S.

1977

Vicente Aleixandre

Spain

1978

Isaac Bashevis Singer

U.S.

1979

Odysseus Elytis

Greece

1980

Czeslaw Milosz

Poland-U.S.

1981

Elias Canetti

Bulg.-Br.

1982

Gabriel Garcia Marquez

Colombian-Mex.

1983

William Golding

Br.

1984

Jaroslav Seifert

Czech.

1985

Claude Simon

France

1986

Wole Soyinka

Nigeria

1987

Joseph Brodsky

USSR-U.S.

1988

Naguib Mahfouz

Egypt

1989

Camilo Jose Cela

Spain

1990

Octavio Paz

Mexico

1991

Nadine Gordimer

S. Afr.

1992

Derek Walcott

Saint Lucia

1993

Toni Morrison

U.S.

1994

Kenzaburo Oe

Japan

1995

Seamus Heaney

Ireland

1996

Wislawa Szymborska

Poland

1997

Dario Fo

Italy

1998

Jose Saramago

Portugal

1999

Gunter Grass

Germany

2000

Gao Xingjian

France

2001

Sir V.S. Naipaul

Br.
2002
Hungary
2003
South Africa
2004
Austria
2005
U.K.