The Library has 5 floors for public use and at the time of completion in 1997, the initial floor plans were:
- Basement: main reading room and exhibition space
- 1st Floor：
Reader's Service Section and the Circulation Desk;
- 2nd Floor: Collections of Social Sciences
- 3rd Floor: Collections of Humanities
- 4th Floor:
Collections of Natural Sciences
40 Research Carrels
The books were organized by subjects to be shelved on different floors and then to be placed in different areas of each floor by languages.
In 1990, as Dr. Hu, Ou-lan served as the Library's Director, the library floor plans were re-allocated.
- Basement: partial space was used to be the storage of rare books.
- 1st Floor:
Reader's Service Section and the Circulation Desk
- The Periodical Section was relocated to the 2nd floor.
- The CJK and special collections were located on the 3rd floor.
- The western languages materials were located on the 4th floor.
- Both current and bound periodicals were all stacked in the Main Library and managed by the Periodical Section.
- Government publications were located in the SSIC.
In light of the library's importance in teaching and research at NCCU, the Library has committed a constant space and facility renovation over the past few years. Major renovation projects included:
- Remodeling the basement reading area, the office areas, the Circulation Desk of the Main Library and that of the Communication Library.
- Introducing the concept of a learning common into the Library lobby.
- Establishing the Classic Collection Corner on the 2nd floor.
- Establishing the Digital Resources Learning Corner on the 1st floor.
- Improving the lighting and the air-conditioning efficiencies on the 1st floor.
- Improving the compact bookstack shelving at the International Exchange Building.